D-Film Vocabulary

D-Film Vocabulary

Film Vocabulary, Film vocab, Writers, Cinematographers, Co-Producers, Director, D-Film Vocabulary,

Dailies

The first positive prints made from the negatives photographed on the previous day. During filming the director and some actors may view these dailies as an indication of how the filming and the actor’s performance are progressing.

Dark House

In film terms, a little known unlikely movie, often a sleeper, a low budget film, indie or a foreign film that is surprisingly, nominated for a major award like Academy Awards of Golden Globe etc.

Day for Night

A shot done during that day, that simulates right time, using filters, underexposure, and other techniques to create a feeling of darkness.

Deadpan

A specific type of comedic device in which the performer assumes an expression less quality to her/his face demonstrating absolutely no emotion or feeling.

Decoupage

A French term referring to the design of a film – the arrangement of tis shots.

Deep focus Shot

A shot in which both the foreground and the background are in focus, in other words in shot with exceptional depth of field.

Degausser

A dive used to erase recordings on magnetic tapes and films or to demagnetize recording heads.

Deleted Scene

Refers to a scene that was edited out of a film’s final cut, for several possible reasons; the scene was poorly done, the scene was unnecessary, the film’s running time needed truncation, the film was avoiding a R or NC-17 rating, the film’s studio disapproved of it etc.

Denoument

The concluding scenes of a movie where the story elements are finished and the character’s status after the climax in shown.

Depth of Field

A measure of the range along a camera’s line of site in which objects will be in focus.

Designer

Someone who creates plans for visual aspects of a production.

Deuce

A 2K Fresnel lighting unit.

Development

The process of working on a fleshing out a script, in hopes that it will be green lighted for production.

Dialogue

Any spoken lines in a film by an actor/actress; may be considered overlapping if two or more character speak simultaneously.

Dialect Coach

A person who helps train an actor in diction and or the use of accents to suit the character an actor is playing.

Dialogue Editor

Sound editor who specializes in editing dialogue.

Dialogue Director

A person who helps train an actor and or the use of inflections so that his or her speech fits the character and situation.

Diegetic Sound

A sound that is created by something or someone visible on the screen or whose source in implied to be present by the action of the film.

Diffusion

The reduction or softening of the harshness or intensity of light achieved by using a diffuser or translucent sheet in front of the light to cut down shadows; materials include screen, glass, filters, gauze, wire mesh or smoke.

Digital Compositing

A technique whereby separately filmed components are combined through digital editing.

Digital Compositor

A person who does compositing by digital means as opposed to using optical or physical techniques.

Digital Editing

Editing a portion of a movie by digitizing one or more frames and altering them electronically or combining then with other digitized images, and then printing the modified frame.

Digital Imaging Technician

A person who provides on set quality control, image manipulation and color correction, production continuity, troubleshooting and consultation to assist in full filling the requirements and vision of the cinematographer in film style digital production.

Digital Versatile Disc

Digital Versatile Disc resemble audio CDs in appearance, but have a much higher storage capacity.

Dimmer

A device for varying power to the lights.

Directing Animator

The animator responsible for creating the key poses or key frames of animation.

Director

The principal creative artist on a movie set. A director is usually the driving artistic source behind the filming process, and communicates to actors the way that he or she would like a particular scene played. A director’s duties might also including casting, script editing and shot selection, shot composition and editing.

Directing the Eye

In cinematographic terms, using light and dark lighting and frame composition to emphasize what is important.

Director of Photography

A cinematographer who is ultimately responsible for the process of recoding a scene in the manner desired by the director. The director of photography has a number of possible duties: selection of film stock, camera and lenses, designing and selection lighting, directing the gaffer’s placement of lighting; shot composition, film developing and film printing.

Director’s Cut

Contracts under the terms of the Hollywood Director’s guild usually allow 6 weeks for a director to assemble a cut of the movie without studio interference as he or she would like it to be seen.

Discovery Shot

In a film scene, when the moving or panning camera unexpectedly comes upon or discovers an object or person previously undisclosed to the viewer.

Disney-Fication

Refers to the making of an adapted, sanitized, family-friendly version of a book or paly, by removing objectionable elements and modifying plot elements to make the tale more acceptable, entertaining, predictable and popular for mass consumption by audiences.

Dissolve

An ending technique whereby the images of one shot is gradually replaced by the images of another.

Distributor

The organization responsible for coordination the distribution of the finished move to exhibitors, as well as the sale of videos, laserdiscs and other versions of movies.

Documentary

Document a non-fiction narrative without actors. Typically a documentary is journalistic record of an event, person or place.

Dolby Digital

This is a 5.1 channel digital film format that if optically recorded on to a film release print in the blocks of space located between the film’s sprocket holes.

Dolby Noise Reduction

Dolby Laboratories, Inc has produced a number of noise reduction and sound enhancement processes. Competition include DTS and SDDS.

Dolly

A dolly is a small truck which rolls along dolly tracks carrying the camera some of the camera crew and occasionally the director. Dolly is also the action of moving the camera towards or away from the object that it is pointing at. The term often appears in screenplays. There is a subtle difference between the results of a zoom shot and dolly shot. In a zoom, the relative positions and sizes of all objects in the frame remains the same, whereas in a dolly shot this will changes as the camera moves.

Dolly Grip

A grip that moves a dolly

Dolly Shot

Any shot made from a moving dolly. These may also be called tracking or traveling shots.

Dolly Tracks

A set of tracks upon which a camera can be moved.

Doppelganger

A German word literally meaning: double walker, a reference to the fact that a shadow self, duplicate, counterpart or double accompanies ever individual.

Dope Sheet

A list of Scenes from the script that have already been filmed or a list of the contents of an exposed reel of film stock. An accurate dope sheet is the responsibility of the assistant cameraman.

Double

An actor who stand sin for another actor in certain scenes, some of which may involve dangerous circumstances or require special skills. Sometimes body doubles are used in scenes that call for nudity or intimacy.

Double Bill

Two movies shown consecutively, typically for a discounted single admission price. Often the movies are sequels or are otherwise related.

Draftsman

A person who creates the plans for set construction.

Dresser

A wardrobe assistant who helps actors with their costumes.

Drift

Flutter which occurs at random rates.

Drive in

An outdoor movie theatre in which the patrons viewed a film from their automobile; films projected ere often B-films or low budget films; reached their peak in terms of popularity and numbers in the 1970’sl also called a passion pit, ozoner; contrast with a hard top.

Driver

A person who drives either equipment or passenger trucks, typically between location shootings, sets and the studio. The chief drive is called the transportation captain.

Dubbing

The technique of combining multiple sound components into one. The term is also used to refer to automatic dialog replacement of a new language.

Dunning

The process or technique of combining shots filmed in studio with background footage shot elsewhere.

Dupe

A copy of negative short for duplicate negatives.

Dutch Tilt

A shot composed with the horizon not parallel with the bottom of the frame. Used extensively in Batman and frequently by Orson Welles

Dynamic Distortion

Certification di Credito Del Tesoro ; Certification Credit Treasure

Dynamic Range

The difference in decibels between the loudest and quietest portion of audio.

Dynamic Frame

A photographic technique used to mask the projected image size and shape to any ratio that seems appropriate for the scene e.g. the image narrows as an actor passes through a narrow passageway, and then widens as he emerges.

Dystopia

An imaginary wretched, dehumanized, dismal, fearful, bad oppressive place or land scape, often initiated by a major world crisis coupled with, an oppressive government, crime, abnormal behavior etc.

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