The head of the electrical department, responsible for the design and execution of the lighting plan for a production. Early films used mostly natural light, which stagehands controlled with large tent clothes using long poles called gaffs (stagehands were often beached sailors or longshoremen, an a gaff is a type of boom on a sailing ship) in 16th Century English, the term gaffer denoted a man who was the head of any organized group of laborers.
These are comedy films that are often non-sensual and literally filled with multiple pages (i.e. jokes, one liners, pratfalls, slapstick etc.) are designed to produce laughter in any way possible and often with comic or spoofing references to other films.
A unit for measuring computer memory capacity, equivalent to 1024 megabyte.
The aperture assembly of a camera, printer or projector at which the film is exposed.
A thin tinted plastic like sheet placed over a light to change the color of the projected light, cleaning the gel is a practical joke usually given as a job to an inexperienced crew member.
Gender bending role
Usually, a cross dressing role in which a male of female plays a character of the opposite sex.
A role traditionally played by a male or female that is switched and played by a member of the opposite sex.
Refers to the widespread simultaneous exhibition of a film
Usually refers to the number of times a video tape has been copied; third generation means three steps away from the original media master.
Originally a French word meaning kind sort or type; of film that shares common, predictable or distinctive artistic and thematic elements or iconography, narrative content, plot and subject matter mood and milieu or setting or characters. Film genres are distinct form film styles that can be applied to any genre; also see hybrid; anti- genre films present an apparent genre stereotype and the subvert or challenge it.
A mechanical engine which produces electricity from fuel. Frequently used for location shooting, either due to the unavailability or insufficient quantities of electricity locally available.
A mechanically extendable and manipulated boom microphone.
A grip head or C stand head used as a clamping device for holding other equipment.
A take of a scene not used in movie, usually because of an on camera mistake made by the cast or crew.
A form of animation similar to stop motion, but which incorporates motion blur. Ordinary stop motion cannot produce motion blur as motion only occurs between frames. Robotic models that are moved during the exposure of each frame produce motion blur, and thus are more realistic. Pioneered by industrial light and Magic for dragons layer.
A literary of film style characterized by dark and dreary influences, such as ghouls, the supernatural, the grotesque, deathly forces, and the mysterious. Settings include old mansions, castles and a threatened heroine. Often used in reference to horror films with these characteristics, to increase the film’s prestige.
The process for selecting the printing values for color and density of successive scenes in a complete film to produce the desire visual effects.
A newer technique similar to blue screen, however utilizing a key green background. Research showed that substantially better results could be gained by filming on green instead of blue, as effects stock was more sensitive to separating key green from other colors.
A member of the crew who procures, places and maintaining any vegetation on a set.
A term used to describe movie theatres common in the U.S. from the 1950’s onward, that specialized in showing, or grinding out as many B movies as they could fit into their schedules. The term is also used to describe the type of B movies – commonly violent exploitative or just plain racy – that were shown in such theatre.
In the USA, a grip is a skilled person responsible for the set up and adjustment and maintenance of production equipment on the set. Their typical duties involve camera moment, lighting refinement and mechanical rigging. In the UK grips work exclusively with equipment that the camera is mounted on.
Gross refers to the box office take the total amount of money taken in during theatrical release, not including earnings from film earnings from film rentals or sales, or the entire profit made by a film.
A tem originally coined by Federico Felllini to describe the bizarre looking or deformed background characters in his films. A grotesque is live action caricature with exaggerated features, but not necessarily to be viewed as frightening or sinister.
A low-budget film usually shot without seeking location permits, using non SAG (Screen Actors Guild) actors etc. example student films.
An escapist film that engenders low expectations that the public enjoys despite or more likely because of its flaws’ these are often quite personal film choices that are sometimes embarrassing to admit. Universally loved guilty pleasure films become cut films.