There are various types of negative emotional complexes that affect the way a person thinks, speaks, and behaves. These include superiority and inferiority complexes. People suffering from superiority or inferiority complex are unable to adapt to the real situation surrounding them. They perceive everything through their own perspective. They live in a world of parallel reality, and the problem doesn’t end here. They can go to any lengths to affirm to themselves and others that their parallel reality is the actual truth. Complexes make individuals or cultures act in a way that transforms their outer reality into inner reality. As a result, they gradually lose the capacity to accept or adapt to the actual environment and get so attached to the parallel reality constructed by complexes that they reach a point of where they are completely marginalized from the environment, and become extinct or die in social terms.
We easily categorize people and find a cause behind any action a person does. The problem is that we constantly assume low confidence and asocial people as the ones suffering from complexes. So, when we encounter a shy timid person, we are quick to label him/her as suffering from a complex. We, however, do not see anything wrong with a person having a dominating and arrogant attitude. The truth is that the same theory of complexes holds true for an authoritative person as well; the only difference being the type of complex. A shy person may be suffering from an inferiority complex, assuming that he is unfit for the world, while an overconfident person believes that he is a blessing to the world and has every right to impose his or her views on others.
In simple words, inferiority or superiority complexes are the permanent manifestation of the feelings of inferiority or superiority respectively in a person or society. Both these complexes are real and have the same cause, but the difference arises in the way they manifest themselves. Typically, these complexes are the result of lack of healthy social relationships during one’s formative years. In case of societies or sects, it is the result of their history. For example, the Germans during the World Wars felt that they were the leading race and deserved to rule the world. On the other hand, we see inferiority complexes in nations that were colonized or ruled by foreigners, where the natives assume their native language and culture to be inferior to the colonizers’ way of life. In this lesson, we will be looking at how these complexes affect individuals.
Identifying inferiority or superiority complex in a person is not easy, as it may not always manifest itself clearly from the beginning. Gradually, however, they are expressed in character, gestures, posture, body language, and thinking of an individual. In most cases, the complex is to do with something of the past, especially the fact that he/she was neglected or pampered during their formative years.